Seasonality Effect on Minerals and Phytochemicals Composition of Cymbopogon Citratus and Moringa Oleifera Leaves

Authors

  • Bando Christopher David National Biotechnology Development Agency, Abuja, Nigeria
  • Jesse Shingu Polly National Biotechnology Development Agency, Abuja, Nigeria
  • Ogu Odiba Emmanuel National Biotechnology Development Agency, Abuja, Nigeria
  • Ajiduku Leyoa Abershi Department of Biochemistry,Taraba State University Jalingo, Nigeria
  • Blessing Smart Aigbogun National Biotechnology Development Agency, Abuja, Nigeria
  • Haruna Gambo Peace National Biotechnology Development Agency, Abuja, Nigeria
  • Rebecca Ayodele National Biotechnology Development Agency, Abuja, Nigeria
  • Hannah Nuhu Tubasen National Biotechnology Development Agency, Abuja, Nigeria
  • David Haruna Ephraim Department of Biochemistry,Federal University Wukari, Nigeria

Abstract

Phytochemical quality and quantity; and minerals varied in plants with respect to seasons. This study investigates the level of the secondary metabolites and minerals in Cymbopogon citratus and Moringa oleifera in dry and wet season. Phytochemical and minerals screening revealed the presence of phenolics, flavonoids, tannins, alkaloids, glycosides and K, Ca, Na, Fe, Zn respectively  in both Cymbopogon citratus and Moringa oleifera. Moringa oleifera show higher quantity of phytochemicals compare to that of Cymbopogon citratus in both wet and dry seasons. Phytochemical content detected in both Cymbopogon citratus and Moringa oleifera samples follow this order: Cymbopogon citratus; Phenolics>Flavonoids>Alkaloids>Tannins>Glycosides, Moringa oleifera; Phenolics>Flavonoids>Alkaloids>Tannins>Glycosides and mineral contents in both Cymbopogon citratus and Moringa oleifera are in the increasing order: K>Ca>Na>Fe>Zn. The amount of phytochemicals and minerals in Cymbopogon citratus and Moringa oleifera are slightly higher during wet season.

Keywords: Cymbopogon citratus, Minerals, Moringa oleifera, Phytochemicals, seasonality.

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Published

2022-12-04

How to Cite

Bando Christopher David, Jesse Shingu Polly, Ogu Odiba Emmanuel, Ajiduku Leyoa Abershi, Blessing Smart Aigbogun, Haruna Gambo Peace, Rebecca Ayodele, Hannah Nuhu Tubasen, & David Haruna Ephraim. (2022). Seasonality Effect on Minerals and Phytochemicals Composition of Cymbopogon Citratus and Moringa Oleifera Leaves. International Journal of Scientific Research and Innovative Studies, 1(3), 35–39. Retrieved from http://ijsrisjournal.com/index.php/ojsfiles/article/view/74